The Hebrew University's Minerva Center for Human Rights and the Free University of Berlin opened in the fall of 2014 a joint multidisciplinary international PhD program in human rights. Entitled "Human Rights under Pressure" ("HR-UP"), the program is funded by grants totaling €4.5 million from Einstein Foundation Berlin and the German Research Foundation (DFG). 38 outstanding Doctoral candidates in a wide variety of topics and disciplines are participating in the first three cohorts – each fully-funded for a period of three years. The program also includes three Postdoctoral Fellows each year. No PhD program in human rights existed previously in Israel.