In 2014 the Hebrew University’s Minerva Center for Human Rights and the Free University of Berlin opened an unprecedented joint multidisciplinary international PhD program in human rights. Entitled “Human Rights under Pressure” (“HR-UP”), the program was funded by grants totaling €4.5 million from Einstein Foundation Berlin and the German Research Foundation (DFG). 38 outstanding Doctoral candidates in a wide variety of topics and disciplines participated in the program’s three cohorts – each fully-funded for a period of 3-4 years. The program also included a total of 12 Postdoctoral Fellows. This was the first-ever PhD program in human rights in Israel – and the first joint German-Israeli PhD program (in any field) ever funded by the German Research Foundation. The program concluded in 2019.